Meladerm for Melasma
What is Melasma?
Melasma is best defined as dark pigmentation on various parts of one's facial skin. It usually occurs when melanocytes - the cells that are responsible for producing melanin, become overactive. Although melanin plays a key factor in protecting our skin against harmful ultra violet (UV) rays, when melanocytes become overactive, one's forehead, chin, cheeks and/or upper lips become discolored. While melasma can take the form of a light tan in some people, in others, it may appear as a blue-grayish or as a dark patchy discoloration.
As of today, 40 to 50 million people all around the globe suffer from melasma. And even though this condition affects both men and women of all ages and ethnicities, a majority of those affected are women and most specially, ones between the ages of 20 and 50. The most susceptible of them are ones with darker or olive skins such as those from Middle Eastern, Asian and Mediterranean regions. Still, light skinned people may also be affected.
MAIN CAUSE OF MELASMA:
Melasma is widely believed to be as a result of an underlying genetic condition, other factors, such as exposure to the sun, skin diseases and hormones can heighten it. While it's possible for the condition to go away after some time, chances of it re-occurring are very high. It's for this reason that one is advised to not just aim at treating it but also, coming up with ways of preventing it. In this case, the most idea way of preventing melasma is to avoid exposure to UV rays and, protecting the face from extreme sun exposure.
How Can Meladerm Help?
Since the condition affects the face, anyone with melasma is most likely to have negative self esteem and confidence issues. It is because of this that one is advised to seek a form of treatment that will not only get rid of the hyperpigmentation and melasma but also prevent it from reoccurring. Some of the treatment options include:
Use of specially formulated bleaching agents or creams that contain hydroquinone. These help in either slowing down or inactivating the production of melanin. Since most of the over the counter creams contain 2-4 percent of hydroquinone (HQ), if higher dosages are required, one should first talk to their doctor. This is because despite them being effective, they may have a number of side effects. In essence, HQ can lead to skin irritation, ocronosis - a blue-grey kind of skin discoloration or cancer - as it is believed to be carcinogenic. Due to this, use of HQ treatments has been banned in a number of countries.
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